This past weekend the Columbus Symphony performed Beethoven Prometheus Overture, Mozart Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major and Bruckner Symphony No. 4 under the baton of Christopher Seaman
with piano soloist Yeol Eum Son. The Columbus Dispatch published a rave review and the concert is streaming online here: Mozart and Bruckner - InstantEncore.
Mozart's 27 Piano Concertos are definitely among his greatest achievements. Mozart's later piano concertos feature wind writing so extensive and brilliant that some critics have dubbed them concertos for winds with piano obligato! I think it's safe to say that bassoonists always welcome the opportunity to perform the Mozart Piano Concertos, with No. 23 in A Major being among our favorites. I am ever amazed at Mozart's ability to use the bassoon to its greatest lyrical potential, even more so when I think of the primitive bassoon of Mozart's time.
In movement one of the concerto, the 1st bassoon plays the melody with the 1st violins. As always in such a situation, I always try to take the lead rather than wait to hear the violins, to avoid lagging behind.
The bassoon begins a long lyrical passage in measure 13 in the slow movement after the clarinet. I start the B3 with no vibrato to match the clarinet, and then gradually add vibrato so that the rather mournful phrase can be heard over the orchestra:
In bars 46 and 47, the 1st bassoon and 1st flute play two descending 16th note triplet scales in octaves. The note lengths are usually on the shorter side, with a decrescendo which still allows the lower notes to be heard. To me, these two passages sound like laughing. (It's not hard to imagine a character like Mozart inserting a couple of laughs into this somber movement!)
In bars 80 through 83 of the slow movement, the 1st bassoon imitates the piano in 16th note arpeggios. The pianist plays the 16ths first; all the bassoonist has to do is match the articulation (and pitch, of course):
I played this concerto for the first time during my college years. At the time, the tongued eighth notes (in cut time) in the 3rd movement bassoon parts seemed like a really big deal. That was before I learned to double tongue. Now it's not that big a deal, although listeners are often impressed. These days I have a choice- I can play it either single or double tongued, but I usually prefer double tonguing so that I'm able to move ahead if necessary. To me, single tonguing sometimes sounds as though it's bogging down the tempo. When double tonguing, though, I keep my eye on the conductor to avoid the occasional temptation to take off like a bat out of you-know-where! The most facile playing on earth is of no value unless it's in time with the rest of the ensemble.
Unlike Mozart, Bruckner had little use for the bassoon. I'd say that Bruckner's 4th Symphony has more exposed bassoon than any of his other symphonies, though. The following solo in the 1st movement must be played with very clear triplet rhythms, moving ahead to prevent dragging:
At one point during one of the rehearsals when Maestro Seaman was insisting on rhythmic accuracy from the orchestra, he quipped, "Bruckner is dead, but I'm his representative!"
Rhythmic accuracy is again called for, along with smoothness, in the exposed passages after 500 later in the movement:
The 1st bassoon has the bass lines in the following exposed wind chords of the slow movement:
The main bassoon solo of the symphony occurs in the 4th movement. It's a series of three-note phrases within a lengthy crescendo:
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